What Is Man?

Part I

What Happens When You Die?


Does humanity inherently possess immortality? Do we have an immortal soul that goes to heaven or hell?

For millennia humanity has sought the answer to what lies beyond our earthly existence, and is something of a cultural phenomenon, for it exists in everywhere in every time.

Basically, what humanity is seeking is a spiritual answer for the reason of our existence and the hope of some sort of continuation. Frankly, we know we are alive and want to stay that way! Rooted in our spiritual ethos, it is natural that we would look to a higher spirituality, or religion, for the answers.

Is the opinion of men good enough to determine your life view? It may be the respected educator, a scientist, or even an armchair philosopher, but is their opinion any better than your own? After all, it is your personal belief that you must deal with. Where do you look for the authority to answer the basic question of what you are and where you are headed? What is the ultimate authority for determining this very basic question...science...pagan religions...or the inspired word of our Creator, the Bible?

Listening to the opinions of others can create much confusion, because there are about as many different opinions as there are people. However, the book that purports to be the inspired word of the Creator not only is consistent, it ought to be the ultimate authority for the discovery of our innermost questions of why we exist and what our fate may be.

Yet, there are a lot of conflicting views even of these great writings. We ought to be able to read and understand for ourselves, without the religious manipulation that is so prevalent. It is not an impossible task, but it does take an open mind and sincerity. If you haven't already read "How To Study The Bible", I highly recommend this beginning tutorial. In the meantime, let's take a look at what the Bible says about us.


Where can you find the term "immortal soul" in the scriptures? What do the scriptures actually say? Do you know the difference between opinion, popular belief and the authority of the scriptures? Where you place your trust will effect you...for a very long time!

Gen 2:7 And YAHWEH Elohim formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul.

Note that in Genesis 2:7 that man is not first formed a spiritual entity to inhabit a physical body, but rather is first formed from "the dust of the ground". Yet this first man does not yet have life, therefore, life must be imparted to this non-living creation. So "man BECAME a living 'soul'".

What is "soul?"

The word "soul" is from the Hebrew word nephesh, and is defined in Strong's Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible this way:

5315. nephesh, neh'-fesh; from H5314; prop. a breathing creature, i.e. animal or (abstr.) vitality; used very widely in a lit., accommodated or fig. sense (bodily or mental):--any, appetite, beast, body, breath, creature, X dead (-ly), desire, X [dis-] contented, X fish, ghost, + greedy, he, heart (-y), (hath, X jeopardy of) life (X in jeopardy), lust, man, me, mind, mortality, one, own, person, pleasure, (her-, him-, my-, thy-) self, them (your) -selves, + slay, soul, + tablet, they, thing, (X she) will, X would have it. - used 744 times.

Among the wide variety of applications of this Hebrew term we find that nephesh is also rendered mortality, dead, & deadly, none of which indicate immortality!

Of course someone may take the time to look up all 744 occurrences of the term nephesh, to get all the pieces of the picture, but the most likely action is to focus on the translation of "ghost" which is used twice, both in reference to dying, not immortality.

People, thoughts, deadly, mortality, beasts, body, dead and all the other ways in which nephesh is translated have one overriding theme - that which is of the flesh, including the expression and action of the flesh.

The nephesh is mortal. It dies. Every living creature is mortal, including humanity.

And Elohim said, Let the earth bring forth the living creature (nephesh) after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind: and it was so. (Gen 1:24 , <2:19>)

But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die (the death). (Gen 2:17)

If "nephesh," or soul, does not possess eternal life and is mortal, i.e. subject to death, then another death must be implicit in the warning.

Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee; and thou shalt eat the herb of the field; In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return. (Gen 3:18-19)

It is abundantly clear that whatever man is, he is mortal!

Introduction of The Immortal Soul Doctrine

So where did people begin to believe in the immortal soul doctrine? We have seen that the human, Adam, was to return to the place he came - the earth. Why do people believe that we don't really die, that we "go" somewhere? Because of this:

And the serpent said unto the woman,

Ye shall not surely die: (Gen 3:4)

The serpent's logic goes something like this: If you will eat of the forbidden tree, you will be like Elohim, immortal. If you really don't die, then you must have something within you that cannot die, thus your body must be an outer shell containing this spark of divine immortality, which when the body is dead, must of necessity go somewhere to reside.

The belief in an immortal soul is based on the serpent's lie!

The problem with believing in an immortal soul is that YAHWEH has said that mankind is mortal and will die. Moreover, there is no scriptural evidence that the nephesh is immortal. In fact, Almighty YAHWEH prevented humanity from having access to immortality...

And YAHWEH Elohim said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

Therefore YAHWEH Elohim sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life. (Gen 3:22-24)

If anything, it is plain to see that man did not possess immortality and was prevented from obtaining it. But why? The consequence of living eternally in evil is an unspeakable horror, therefore YAHWEH prevented mortal humanity from obtaining immortality. YAHWEH, the great "I AM" and Shepherd of our lives, says we do not possess immortality and that we must go to Him to obtain it. Would you prefer to believe the serpent, rather than the One Who possesses immortality, and is the One Who will be giving immortality?


Burden of Proof

Is this an isolated "interpretation?" Are there more verses to substantiate this? Have you ever read these?

Psa 104:29 Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.

Job 34:15 All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust.

Psa 30:9 What profit is there in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise thee? shall it declare thy truth?

Psa 88:10-12 Wilt thou show wonders to the dead? shall the dead arise and praise thee? Selah. Shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the grave? or thy faithfulness in destruction? Shall thy wonders be known in the dark? and thy righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?

Isa 38:18 For the grave cannot praise thee, death can not celebrate thee: they that go down into the pit cannot hope for thy truth.

Psa 143:3 For the enemy hath persecuted my soul; he hath smitten my life down to the ground; he hath made me to dwell in darkness, as those that have been long dead.

Psa 115:17 The dead praise not YAHWEH, neither any that go down into silence.

Job 14:10-12 But man dieth, and wasteth away: yea, man giveth up the ghost, and where is he? As the waters fail from the sea, and the flood decayeth and drieth up: So man lieth down, and riseth not: till the heavens be no more, they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep.

Eccl 3:19-20 For that which befalleth the sons of men befalleth beasts; even one thing befalleth them: as the one dieth, so dieth the other; yea, they have all one breath; so that a man hath no preeminence above a beast: for all is vanity. All go unto one place; all are of the dust, and all turn to dust again.

Psa 146:4 His breath goeth forth, he returneth to his earth; in that very day his thoughts perish.

Psa 6:5 For in death there is no remembrance of thee: in the grave who shall give thee thanks?

Eccl 9:2-6 All things come alike to all: there is one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as is the good, so is the sinner; and he that sweareth, as he that feareth an oath.

This is an evil among all things that are done under the sun, that there is one event unto all: yea, also the heart of the sons of men is full of evil, and madness is in their heart while they live, and after that they go to the dead.

For to him that is joined to all the living there is hope: for a living dog is better than a dead lion.

For the living know that they shall die: but the dead know not any thing, neither have they any more a reward; for the memory of them is forgotten.

Also their love, and their hatred, and their envy, is now perished; neither have they any more a portion for ever in any thing that is done under the sun.

Psa 49:12- Nevertheless man being in honour abideth not: he is like the beasts that perish.

Psa 49:13-20 This their way is their folly: yet their posterity approve their sayings. Selah.

Like sheep they are laid in the grave; death shall feed on them; and the upright shall have dominion over them in the morning; and their beauty shall consume in the grave from their dwelling....

For when he dieth he shall carry nothing away: his glory shall not descend after him.

Though while he lived he blessed his soul: and men will praise thee, when thou doest well to thyself.

He shall go to the generation of his fathers; they shall never see light.

Man that is in honour, and understandeth not, is like the beasts that perish.

Ezek 18:4 Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sinneth, it shall die.

Ezek 18:20 The soul that sinneth, it shall die. The son shall not bear the iniquity of the father, neither shall the father bear the iniquity of the son: the righteousness of the righteous shall be upon him, and the wickedness of the wicked shall be upon him.

The Word of YAHWEH says, we do not have an "immortal soul." We are mortal creatures that can die...and stay dead!

Is there any hope of being anything other than just mortal?

If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.

Thou shalt call, and I will answer thee: thou wilt have a desire to the work of thine hands. (Job 14:14-15)

What is there to wait for? What is the appointed time? What change? How can the dead hear and answer a call?

Our only hope is in the great Creator of Life, Who IS life ... YAHWEH!

What Happens | Soul | The Great Enigma | Gehenna Fire | Immortality | Kingdom Age



Part II


The great enigma...

"...fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna." (Mat 10:28)

Mat. 10:28 clearly shows that "soul and body" are mortal, and capable of being destroyed. Gehenna, mistranslated as 'hell', conjures images of horrible torture and sadistic cruelty for eternity. The scripture, however, states that gehenna is something that destroys both body and soul, which means that there is no immortality. Religious dogma notwithstanding, scripture clearly says that man is entirely mortal, and must seek immortality.

To understand such a widely misunderstood subject, it helps to compare the original terms and how they are used.

Psuche & Ruwach

5590. Psuche, psoo-khay' fromG5594; breath, i.e. (By impl.) Spirit, abstr. Or concr. (The animal sentient principle only;

* thus distinguished on the one hand from G4151 (pneuma), Which is the rational and immortal soul;

*and on the other from G2222 (zoe), which is mere vitality, even of plants: these terms thus exactly correspond respectively to the Heb.H5315, H7307 and H2416):

--heart (+ -ily), life, mind, soul, + us, + you.

(*Note that unlike other definitions, commentary is included introducing popular doctrine.)

But do the Hebrew terms "exactly correspond?" Does Psuche equal Nephesh? Notice the two interjections introducing different meanings, then finishing with the translating words. First, does Psuche correspond with nephesh? Again...

Heb-5315. nephesh, neh'-fesh; from H5314; prop. a breathing creature, i.e. animal or (abstr.) vitality; used very widely in a lit., accommodated or fig. sense (bodily or mental):--any, appetite, beast, body, breath, creature, X dead (-ly), desire, X [dis-] contented, X fish, ghost, + greedy, he, heart (-y), (hath, X jeopardy of) life (X in jeopardy), lust, man, me, mind, mortality, one, own, person, pleasure, (her-, him-, my-, thy-) self, them (your) -selves, + slay, soul, + tablet, they, thing, (X she) will, X would have it. - used 744 times.

The Hebrew "nephesh" clearly indicates mortality, therefore psuche must also reflect the same. In all the places mentioned, there is no mention of anything pertaining to an immortal soul as the term Nephesh is used.

The comment that "G4151 (pneuma), Which is the rational and immortal soul" and "exactly correspond respectively to the Heb "Ruwach" also bears closer examination. It is in the definition of Psuche that the term "immortal soul" is applied to Pneuma, which is supposed to "exactly correspond" to the Hebrew Ruwach. Let's see.

Pneuma & Ruwach:

7307. ruwach, roo'-akh; from H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, i.e. a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; fig. life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extens. a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (includ. its expression and functions):--air, anger, blast, breath, X cool, courage, mind, X quarter, X side, spirit ([-ual]), tempest, X vain, ([whirl-]) wind (-y).

There is no indication that ruwach is describing any "immortal soul." And as we have seen, Nephesh, the soul, is entirely mortal. So how does pneuma "exactly" compare to ruwach?

4151. pneuma, pnyoo'-mah; from G4154; a current of air, i.e. breath (blast) or a breeze; by anal. or fig. a spirit, i.e. (human) the rational soul, (by impl.) vital principle, mental disposition, etc., or (superhuman) an angel, daemon, or (divine) God, Christ's spirit, the Holy Spirit:--ghost, life, spirit (-ual, -ually), mind. Comp. G5590.

Notice the actual usage: ghost, life, spirit(-ual, -ually), & mind. While pneuma accurately depicts a source of power, as in thought or attitude, it is in no way inherently immortal with an existence of its own. It should be noted that in its own definition, the word immortal is absent. Why? Because if it is immortal in one place, it must be immortal in all places. Since, however, it is clearly referring to mortal man in many instances, it cannot be referring to immortality.

Life: Zoe = Chay

2222. zoe, dzo-ay'; from G2198; life (lit. or fig.):--life (-time). Comp. G5590.

2416. chay, khah'ee; from H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong, also (as noun, espec. in the fem. sing. and masc. plur.) life (or living thing), whether lit. or fig.:-- + age, alive, appetite, (wild) beast, company, congregation, life (-time), live (-ly), living (creature, thing), maintenance, + merry, multitude, + (be) old, quick, raw, running, springing, troop.

"Chay" has no direct connection with immortality. We have previously seen that H5315, "nephesh," has no connection with immortality. As for H7307, "ruach," it bears no relation at all to "psuche," but it does bear aresemblence to the Greek "pneuma."


Mortality is Destroyed

But if the soul can be destroyed in the fire of gehenna, how can we claim that it possess immortality, which means indestructible?

If "psuche" is not "the rational and immortal soul", and "pneuma" is not defined as being immortal, what is? It would appear that we are mortal creatures without immortality of any kind. Therefore, if we want immortality, we must obtain it through YAHWEH.

What is "Ghehennah?"

1067. geenna, gheh'-en-nah; of Heb. or [H1516 and H2011]; valley of (the son of) Hinnom; gehenna (or Ge-Hinnom), a valley of Jerus., used (fig.) as a name for the place (or state) of everlasting punishment:--hell.

The scriptures plainly state that "both soul and body are destroyed" in gehenna. We can easily understand that the body can be totally destroyed due to its mortality. But if the "soul" can also be destroyed, doesn't this prove its mortality also? If the "soul" is destroyed, how can this be everlasting punishment?

A note about "hell."

In the Greek scriptures is is important to understand that there are three words translated "hell", gehenna we are reviewing, but there is also "hades" and "tartaroo"

86. haides, hah'-dace; from G1 (as a neg. particle) and G1492; prop. unseen, i.e. "Hades" or the place (state) of departed souls:--grave, hell.

Wait a minute...this is saying that ALL "souls" go to haides! But aren't we led to believe that bad should go to gehenna? Now we are told that all departed souls don't go to gehenna, but they do go to haides. But if gehenna is the fire that destroys, why isn't there any fire connected to haides?

There is ample evidence that "hades" is the equivalent of the Hebrew "sheol", meaning the grave. It is from myth and folklore, not the scriptures, that hell is the living place of the dead. Does that really make sense? Is it true that the dead are not dead? According to the serpent, perhaps, but YAHWEH says otherwise!

In the scriptures, death is the absence of life, not a continuing of life somewhere else. If one has an immortal soul, then they do not need to obtain immortality and they do not need to be resurrected out of the state of death. If the resurrection is not really needed, then a savior is not necessary to save anyone from death. To admit that a savior is needed is an admittance that humanity does not possess immortality.

The Other Hell

5020. tartaroo, tar-tar-o'-o; from Tartaros (the deepest abyss of Hades); to incarcerate in eternal torment:--cast down to hell.

used twice in 2 Pet 2:4

For if YAHWEH spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; (2 Pet 2:4)

Tartaroo is a place of restraint for the sinning angels, not dead people. Here is the only evidence of any "hell" containing anything living. It is not the grave (haides), or a fire (gehenna), but it is an angelic prison prior to their judgement. There aren't even any people, dead or living, in tartaroo!



Does the word of YAHWEH really mean "everlasting" the way we have it rendered? Or have the translators deviated from the texts to insert their own personal beliefs?

Definitions are given "as is," but as you can plainly see, the scriptures themselves show the mortality of man. Words are usually either absolute or figurative, and therefore the meaning should be revealed by the context of the scriptures rather than the interpretation of the reader. If "psuche," for example, is immortal, then plants, animals and all life is also immortal, which we know is not the case. If "psuche" is descriptive of that which possesses life which dies or can be destroyed, then we must understand it's temporary and mortal nature. The only exception that would ever be is - if and when it pertains to the Father or the Son.

You may also have noticed that Strong's entertains some confusion in the definitions as to whether the "soul" is the "psuche" or the "pneuma". However, there is no apparent confusion in the Hebrew terminology leading us to the supposition that certain concepts from outside the scriptures are being superimposed upon the definitions. With that in mind, perhaps we should pay closer attention to what the word of YAHWEH says, and a little less to what others say it says!

What Happens | Soul | The Great Enigma | Gehenna Fire | Immortality | Kingdom Age



Part III

The Great Enigma ...

And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul (psuche): but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna. (Mat 10:28)

This is perfectly clear...ANY "soul" given to Gehenna will be destroyed. It will cease to exist, perish, die, and is not subject to a never ending torture.

But what about before Gehenna? There is much to be understood regarding the concept of the resurrection of the dead.

First, let's remember the definition of psuche as being the equivalent of the Hebrew Ruwach, breath. Even though we saw that it did not possess immortality, it does contain a clue to how memory functions in relation to the resurrection, being defined as the "animal sentient principle only."

In the first of this series (What Is Man #1) I ended with a quote from Job.

If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.

Thou shalt call, and I will answer thee: thou wilt have a desire to the work of thine hands. (Job 14:14-15)

It is clear that this great man understood the promise of the resurrection. But we may also take note that it is the purpose for finishing what was already begun.

For now thou numberest my steps: dost thou not watch over my sin?

My transgression is sealed up in a bag, and thou sewest up mine iniquity. (Job 14:17)

It appears that Job is expecting something to do with judgement, and thus will be held accountable for his actions.

However, to be held accountable there must also be a remembrance. If there is "no remembrance in the grave" while we are dead, yet we are resurrected and brought to account for our actions, then there remains a method or device whereby those that have no memory in death are restored their memory in a resurrection.

Somehow our vital principle, that part of us which makes us not only uniquely human, but also a unique individual, is coded and preserved similarly to a digitally encoded message and stored for future retrieval. It is not "us" and it is not alive, but it does contain in essence all that we are as individual human beings. It is my belief that it is that which is called the psuche, or phyche, that is instrumental in transmitting our essence, our being, into an encoding format within the basic structure of existence. In the day of Judgement when we must stand at the Judgement seat of Yahweh'shua the Messiah, it will be us, reformed...resurrected out of the imprint encoded while we were yet living beings.

Remember, in the resurrection to Judgement, mankind (except the firstborn) is brought back to life and given 100 years as a period to change their life under the direction of the spirit if sanctification. (Salvation #4:Judgement Day)

Rabbi Yah'shua refers to this by parable in speaking about the tares of the field.

Then Yah'shua sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field.

He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man; (Mat 13:36-37)

Notice it is not the disciples or followers which are the sowers, but Yah'shua Himself. What is this seed? It is the spirit of sanctification!

The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one;

The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. (Mat 13:38-39)

This places the event at the "end of the world (age)," but which age?

As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world.

The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity;

And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. (Mat 13:40-42)

This clearly points to the Day of Judgement which culminates in the destruction of the wicked. Remember that during the 1000 year reign of the Messiah (Rev 20:2-6), Satan is in prison. Therefore this is not referring to that period (the 1000 years), but rather the 100 year period (Isa 65:20) afterward when Satan is free to deceive the world. (See Salvation #4:Judgement Day) Notice, however, that it doesn't say anyone will be tortured for eternity! This is always read into the verse based on the belief in the serpent's lie. But what does happen?

Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. (Mat 13:43)

And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do this, saith YAHWEH of hosts. (Mal 4:3)

Did you see it? "They shall be ashes"! Not living, not being tortured, not in excruciating pain or any of the other false notions. They are simply dead, destroyed, turned to ashes! Does this include the "soul"?

And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in Gehenna. (Mat 10:28)

Let there be no mistake, both soul and body are destroyed! You do not have an immortal soul and you will not live forever...except through the power of the resurrection of the dead! This is why it is so vitally important to turn to Almighty YAHWEH.

Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot offend thee, cut them off, and cast them from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life halt or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet to be cast into everlasting (aionian- age abiding) fire.

And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into Gehenna fire. (Mat 18:8-9)

There is another aspect of the resurrection that has been withheld from you, and that is the plurality of resurrections. If you haven't discovered this wonderful life-saving information please be sure to visit ResurrectionS!

What Happens | Soul | The Great Enigma | Gehenna Fire | Immortality | Kingdom Age



Part IV

Gehenna Fire

A great deal of confusion is avoided when we examine the scriptures to see what they actually say.

And the beast was taken, and with him the false prophet that wrought miracles before him, with which he deceived them that had received the mark of the beast, and them that worshipped his image. These both were cast alive into a lake of fire burning with brimstone. (Rev 19:20)

Does being cast alive into a fire mean remaining alive in the fire?

Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection: on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of and of Messiah, and shall reign with him a thousand years. (Rev 20:6)

Humanity will be resurrected to physical life in the day of judgement

And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.

And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before; and the books were opened: and another book was opened, which is the book of life: and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.

And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and the grave delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.

Note that all the dead are resurrected to life. Isaiah (65:20) tells us that people will live for a hundred years, and the prophet Joel shows us that there will be a great outpouring of YAHWEH'S spirit (Joel 2:28-29).

Now note what occurs:

And death and the grave were cast into the lake of fire. This is the second death.

Note that 'the second death' occurs BEFORE there is any punishment!

What is this "second death"?

And whosoever was not found written in the book of life was cast into the lake of fire. (Rev 20:11-15)

But the fearful, and unbelieving, and the abominable, and murderers, and whoremongers, and sorcerers, and idolaters, and all liars, shall have their part in the lake which burneth with fire and brimstone: which is the second death. (Rev 21:8)

Note that all liars will suffer the second death! Not believing in the name of our heavenly Father, YAHWEH, or the name of our Savior, YahwehShua, as well as lying about their names is certainly punishable by the second death!

For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of YAHWEH is eternal life through YahwehShua Messiah our King. (Rom 6:23)

How then do we reconcile YAHWEH'S punishment with His gift? Is YAHWEH'S hand shortened that it cannot save? YAHWEH forbid! YAHWEH is all powerful & merciful! He CANNOT FAIL!

What Happens | Soul | The Great Enigma | Gehenna Fire | Immortality | Kingdom Age


Part V


People usually look for something they do not already have. If you do not have immortality, then you find out where to get it.

To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honour and immortality, eternal life: (Rom 2:7) <Mat 19:16; Mrk 10:17>

It is silly to ask you to put on your coat if you are already wearing your coat. However, if you are not wearing your coat, you must put it on, meaning that you are not in possession of your coat. It is because we do not already possess immortality of any kind that we must find it and put it on, there...

For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality.

861. aphtharsia, af-thar-see'-ah; from G862; incorruptibility; gen. unending existence; (fig.) genuineness:--immortality, incorruption, sincerity.

So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory. <1 Cor 15:53-54>

For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a building of YAHWEH, an house not made with hands, eternal in the heavens. For in this we groan, earnestly desiring to be clothed upon with our house which is from heaven: If so be that being clothed we shall not be found naked. For we that are in this tabernacle do groan, being burdened: not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life. (2 Cor 5:1-4)

We have seen, however, that this great event does not occur until the very end when YahwehShua completely reconciles all things to YAHWEH and turns everything over to Him.

Without being changed from mortal to immortal, we are destined to eternal death, oblivion forever. Yahweh'Shua came to save us from this death, by abolishing death and giving life.

But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour Yahweh'shua Messiah, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality to light through the evangel: (2 Tim 1:10)


I give thee charge in the sight of YAHWEH, who quickeneth all things, and before Messiah YahwehShua, who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession; That thou keep this commandment without spot, unrebukeable, until the appearing of our Sovereign YahwehShua Messiah: Which in his times he shall show, who is the blessed and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Sovereign of sovereigns; Who only hath immortality, dwelling in the light which no man can approach unto; whom no man hath seen, nor can see: to whom be honour and power everlasting (aionian- age abiding). Amen. (1 Tim 6:13-16)

110 avqanasi,a athanasia {ath-an-as-ee'-ah} from a compound of 1 (as a negative particle) and 2288; TDNT - 3:22,312; n f AV - immortality 3; 3 1) undying, immortality, everlasting

But is now made manifest by the appearing of our Saviour YahwehShua Messiah, who hath abolished death, and hath brought life and immortality (aphtharsia) to light through the evangel: (2 Timothy 1:10)

861 avfqarsi,a aphtharsia {af-thar-see'-ah} from 862; TDNT - 9:93,1259; n f AV - incorruption 4, immortality 2, sincerity 2; 8 1) incorruption, perpetuity 2) purity, sincerity, incorrupt

So we see that we are mortal creatures, made of the dust of the earth and that immortality is not something we already possess. We should also note that we are to acquire both aphtharsia and athanasia.

Is this what we are promised? Is this the eternal life believers are to receive? No, it isn't, at least not immediately because there is a step which precedes it.

What is "eternal life?" - Romans 6: 23 says "eternal life" is aionios zoe. We know "zoe" means life, but what is "aionios"?

166 aivw,nioj aionios {ahee-o'-nee-os} from 165; TDNT - 1:208,31; adj AV - eternal 42, everlasting 25, the world began + 5550 2, since the world began + 5550 1, for ever 1; 71 1) without beginning and end, that which always has been and always will be 2) without beginning 3) without end, never to cease, everlasting For Synonyms see entry 5801

165 aivw,n aion {ahee-ohn'} from the same as 104; TDNT - 1:197,31; n m AV - ever 71, world 38, never + 3364 + 1519 + 3588 6, evermore 4, age 2, eternal 2, misc 5; 128 1) for ever, an unbroken age, perpetuity of time, eternity 2) the worlds, universe 3) period of time, age

If we do not yet have aionion life, when shall we receive it?

"But he shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and Brethren, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the world to come eternal life." Mark 10:30 <Luke 18:30>

"World" is from the Greek word "aion" meaning the age. If this "aion" has not yet started then "aion" can not be eternal in the sense of being without beginning or end. Therefore if aion by virtue of the fact that it can have a beginning can also have an end. Therefore, aionion (of or belonging to an age) must likewise be seen as a period of time, meaning age-abiding.

And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Spirit, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world (ie. age), neither in the world (ie. age) to come. (Mat 12:32)

"This age" refers to the time up to the return of YahwehShua, and "the age to come" refers to the period of Yahweh'Shua's Kingship over the earth, and ending after 1000 years. But what about AFTER that? Yahweh'Shua specifically limited this unforgiveness to two ages - the age leading up to His Rulership, and the age of His rulership. However, The age which follows the Kingdom is the age of Judgement lasting for 100 years, finally culminating in the Great Reconciliation where all are given life!

If we rightly understand that an age may have a beginning and an end, then we have no problem with verses like these:

The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. (age -of judgement). (Mat 13:39-40)

"This age" is the age of Judgement, the time after the age of the Kingdom. Otherwise, the end of the world takes on an ominous perspective of complete annihilation. The ages follow this order: the age from Yah'shua's Ministry to His Coming, the next age is His 1000 year reign, the next is the Day of Judgement lasting for 100 years ending with The Great Reconciliation and the wonderful Transformation of the heavens and earth, and the final age is from the Transformation to eternity. The "end of the world" is but the end of an age, and the beginning of another age, the age of eternity.


What Happens | Soul | The Great Enigma | Gehenna Fire | Immortality | Kingdom Age


Part VI


After being taught by YahwehShua for three and a half years, the biggest question they had at the time of YahwehShua's ascension was this:

When they therefore were come together, they asked of him, saying, Sovreign, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel? (Acts 1:6)

There are several things to note:

1. It is a restoration of something that came before

2. It pertains to the nation and people of Israel

3. It is to be restored by YahwehShua Himself

Who's Kingdom is it?

And of all my sons, (for YAHWEH hath given me many sons,) he hath chosen Solomon my son to sit upon the throne of the kingdom of YAHWEH over Israel. (1 Chr 28:5)

Wherefore David blessed YAHWEH before all the congregation: and David said, Blessed be thou, YAHWEH Elohim of Israel our father, for ever and ever.

Thine, O YAHWEH, is the greatness, and the power, and the glory, and the victory, and the majesty: for all that is in the heaven and in the earth is thine; thine is the kingdom, O YAHWEH, and thou art exalted as head above all.

Both riches and honour come of thee, and thou reignest over all; and in thine hand is power and might; and in thine hand it is to make great, and to give strength unto all.

Now therefore, our Elohim, we thank thee, and praise thy glorious name. (1 Chr 29:10-13)

Then Solomon sat on the throne of YAHWEH as king instead of David his father, and prospered; and all Israel obeyed him. (1 Chr 29:23)

Psa 103:19 YAHWEH hath prepared his throne in the heavens; and his kingdom ruleth over all.

Isa 9:7 Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, to order it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. The zeal of YAHWEH of hosts will perform this.

2 Chr 13:8 And now ye think to withstand the kingdom of YAHWEH in the hand of the sons of David; and ye be a great multitude, and there are with you golden calves, which Jeroboam made you for deities.

Dan 2:44 And in the days of these kings shall the (Mighty One) of heaven set up a kingdom, which shall never be destroyed: and the kingdom shall not be left to other people, but it shall break in pieces and consume all these kingdoms, and it shall stand for ever.

Dan 7:18 But the saints of the most High shall take the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever. (22) Until the Ancient of days came, and judgment was given to the saints of the most High; and the time came that the saints possessed the kingdom. (27) And the kingdom and dominion, and the greatness of the kingdom under the whole heaven, shall be given to the people of the saints of the most High, whose kingdom is an everlasting kingdom, and all dominions shall serve and obey him.

And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people: and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time: and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book.

And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting (aionian - age abiding) life, and some to shame and everlasting (aionian - age abiding) contempt.

And they that be wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever. (Dan 12:1-3)

But some man will say, How are the dead raised up? and with what body do they come?

Thou fool, that which thou sowest is not quickened, except it die: And that which thou sowest, thou sowest not that body that shall be, but bare grain, it may chance of wheat, or of some other grain: But Yahweh giveth it a body as it hath pleased him, and to every seed his own body. All flesh is not the same flesh: but there is one kind of flesh of men, another flesh of beasts, another of fishes, and another of birds. There are also celestial bodies, and bodies terrestrial: but the glory of the celestial is one, and the glory of the terrestrial is another. There is one glory of the sun, and another glory of the moon, and another glory of the stars: for one star differeth from another star in glory.

So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body. (1 Cor 15:35-44)

When they therefore were come together, they asked of him, saying, Sovereign, wilt thou at this time restore again the kingdom to Israel? (Acts 1:6)

I charge thee therefore before Yahweh, and the Sovreign YahwehShua Messiah, who shall judge the quick and the dead at his appearing and his kingdom; (2 Tim 4:1)

For so an entrance shall be ministered unto you abundantly into the everlasting (aionian - age abiding) kingdom of our Sovereign and Saviour YahwehShua Messiah. (2 Pet 1:11)

Remember: All scripture is YAHWEH breathed! Translations, however, are not inspired. The King James text of 1611 is about 95% accurate, which is why I have chosen it for a base translation. Admittedly it is harder to read, and colloquialisms are poorly rendered, but the over all rendition is more accurate to the literal meaning of the original languages.


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